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leyu乐鱼体育|初中英语中考词汇详解(一)

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简要描述:——Aa (an) art. 一个,某个,任何一个用法:不定冠词的常见用法:1)第一次提到,表现泛指。2)含有数量“一”的观点,可是不如one 强烈。...

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本文摘要:——Aa (an) art. 一个,某个,任何一个用法:不定冠词的常见用法:1)第一次提到,表现泛指。2)含有数量“一”的观点,可是不如one 强烈。

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——Aa (an) art. 一个,某个,任何一个用法:不定冠词的常见用法:1)第一次提到,表现泛指。2)含有数量“一”的观点,可是不如one 强烈。

ability n. 能力;才干;才气短语:1. a man of ability 有能力的人2. the ability to do sth 做某事的能力able adj. 有才干的;聪颖的短语:1. be able to do sth有能力做某事about prep. 对于,关于;约莫;在….周围;短语:1. be about to 即将e.g. We were about to go when it suddenly rained.我们正要出发,突然天下雨了。2.look about3.run about4.What/How about…?above prep. adj. 在…之上;凌驾;大于,多于; 上面的;短语:1.above all 最重要的e.g. Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.最重要的是事情必须在九点之前由我们自己独立完成。注意:above的反义词为belowabroad adv. 在外国;广泛地;流传短语:1. from abroad 从外洋,从外洋e.g. His parents has just come back from abroad.他的怙恃刚刚从外洋回来,我们去探望他们吧2. go abroad 出国accept v.接受;赞同;接待;听从近义词辨析:accept 和receiveaccept 是“接受、认可“的意思,是收到并接受;receive 有”收到“的意思,但纷歧定接受。e.g. I received a lot of gifts on my birthday, but I didn’t accept any.生日那天我收到许多礼物,可是我并没有收下任何礼物。

accident n. 事故; 偶然短语:1.by accident意外地,偶然地2.a traffic accident 交通事故according to prep. 凭据…;依照achieve v. 实现;到达;完成across prep.在…劈面近义词辨析:across 和throughacross表现“横过,穿过”;着重指从门路或物体外貌的一边到另一边(外貌)。e.g.across the street;横过马路。through “穿过,从……中间通过”;着重指从空间的一头穿到另一头(内部)。

e.g. through the forest. 穿过森林。act n. & v. 行为;举动;冒充 ;短语:1.act as担任(起...作用)词性转换:actor/actress n.男演员/女演员action n. 行动;有能量;行为;e.g.We must take action right now, otherwise we’ll be late我们现在就得接纳行动了,否则就迟到了。active adj. 努力的;短语:1. take an active part in : 努力到场e.g. I don’t think everyone should take an active part in the social activities.我认为并不是所有的人都应该努力到场到社会运动中去。

activity n. 运动;事情;职业add v. 添加;增加;合计;相当于短语:1. add to;2.add up3.add up to4.add…to…address n. 地址;住址;演说;讲话advantage n. 优点;利益advertisement (ad) n.通告;启事;广告e.g. Have you read the want ad in the newspaper?你看过报纸上的招聘广告吗?e.g. Put an advertisement in the newspaperadvice n. 建议,劝告;信息短语:1.a piece of advice一条建议2.ask for advice 寻求建议3.give advice提建议4.take/follow one’s advice接受、遵照某人的建议advise v.给…出主意;建议;通知短语:1.advice sb to do sth 建议某人做某事afraid adj. 惊慌的;恐怕短语:1.be afraid of 畏惧e.g. Don’t be afraid of asking for help from others.不要畏惧向别人求助。2. be afraid for 担忧e.g. I’m afraid for my sister. 我担忧我的妹妹。

3. I’m afraid so. /I’m afraid not. /I’m afraid that….after adv., prep & conj. 在…之后;晚于短语: after all1) 终究,究竟e.g. It has turned out to be a nice day after all.天气终于转晴了。afternoon n. 下午;午后短语:1. in the afternoon2. on Monday afternoon3. on the afternoon of…again adv. 再一次;加之,此外;短语:1. again and again 一次又一次地,重复地,再三地e.g. I called him again and again, but he didn’t answer the telephone.我一次又一次地给他打电话,可是他就是不接。

2. now and again 有时e.g. He came to see me now and again.他已往来探望我。against prep.1)对着,阻挡;e.g. If no one is against this plan, let’s carry it out.如果没有人阻挡这个计划,那我们就开始吧。2)靠着,依着:e.g. The policeman asked the young man to stand against the wall.警员下令谁人年轻人靠着墙站好。

age n. 年事;时期;变老 ;短语:1. for one’s age 论年事e.g. He looks older for his age because of years of hard work.由于多年操劳,他看起来比实际年事大。2. at the age of 在…岁时ago adv. 以前;以往;短语:1. long ago 良久以前,从前:e.g. Long long ago there loved horses.良久以前,有一位国王,他喜爱马。2. some time ago 不久前e.g. Some time ago,I heard he would come to see me.不久前,我听说他要来看我。3. a while ago. 适才e.g. He was here a while ago.他适才还在这儿。

近义词辨析:ago 和 beforeago: 应注意两点:1.用于一般已往时;2. 它所指的时间是从现在算起。before: 也应该注意两点:1.用于已往完成时;2. 她所指的时间不是从现在算起,而是从已往某一时刻算起。e.g. A short time before, tall trees had covered the country for many miles around.在那时不久之前,高峻的树木笼罩着周遭数英里。agree v. 意见一致;赞成;适合;近义词辨析:agree to 和 agree withagree to:意思 是“同意”,后面接表现计划、摆设、意见、条件之类的名词或动词原形,表现愿意协助事情。

e.g. Do you agree to this agreement? 你同意这项协议吗?He didn’t agree to help us. 他差别意资助我们。agree with: 意思是“与……(意见)一致”后面一般接人,也可接意见、看法等。但不含有协助的意思。

e.g. I don’t agree with what you said. 我差别意你说的话。I don’t agree with your idea. 我差别意你的主意。

短语:1. agree onagreement n.同意;一致;协议air n. 大气;天空;态度短语:1. by air; 2. in the (open) air,airline 航线;航空公司airplane n. 飞机airport n.机场;航空港短语:1. at the airportalbum n.影集;集邮册;all adj. & pron.全部的,所有的;短语:1.all day 整日2.all kinds of 种种各样的;3.all over 遍布4.all right 行,可以5. all along 一直,始终6. not at all7.in allallow v.准许;允许;给予短语:1. allow sb to do sth2.allow doingalmost adv. 险些,差不多;快要alone adj. 独自的;单独的;仅仅;近义词辨析:lonely/alonealone 指“独自一人胡”,强调客观事实,通常只放在动词、系动词之后,作表语,e.g. He was alone in the room. 他独自一人在屋里。lonely 指“孑立的”、“孤苦的”,表现主观感受,在句中作口号或主语。用作定语修饰地方时,along adv. & prep沿着;向前;配合,一起;短语:1. all along 始终,一直:e.g. I knew the truth of the matter all long.那件事情的真相我始终是清楚的。

2.along with 于……一道;e.g. Yesterday I went along with my brother to the shop.昨天我和我的弟弟一道去了那家商店。3.get along (well) withaloud adv. 作声地;高声地短语:read aloudalready adv.早已;早;近义词辨析: already / yetalready: “已经”惊讶于某事比预期发生得早,在问句中表现意外、惊讶的水平更强。yet : “尚(未),已经”(用于否认句、疑问句中,谈论将要发生的事情)also adv. 而且;还although conj.虽然;只管always adv.永远;总是;经常America / the USA 美国American adj.美洲的;美国人among prep.被…所困绕;其中近义词辨析:among / between这两个个词都含有“在……中间”的意思。

among 用于“三者或三者以上之间”e.g. He built a house among the forest.他在树林中盖了一间房。between 则用于“两者之间”e.g. What is the difference between the two words?这两个词的区别是什么?and conj.和;及;就短语:1. and so on 等等e.g. This book tells about food, fruits, dishes and so on.这本书讲了有关食物、水果、菜肴等等有关的工具。angry adj.生气的;恼怒的;疼痛的短语:1.be angry with/at/aboutanimal n.动物;牲畜another adj. & pron.此外;另一的;answer n. & v. 回覆;解决方案;反映短语:1.the answer toant n. 蚂蚁;e.g. There are some ants in the tree. 树里有一些蚂蚁。

any pron. & adj每一的;任何一个的.anybody pron. 任何人;重要人物anyone pron. 任何人anything pron. 任何事;无论何事anyway adv.不管怎样;无论如何anywhere adv.不管在(到)什么地方appear v.泛起;似乎apple n.苹果;苹果树April n. 四月Area面积;地域;规模arm n.胳臂;袖子army n.陆军;军队;大量around prep.围绕;围绕;在…四周arrive v. 到达;抵达;得出短语:1.arrive at/inart n.艺术;艺术品article n.商品;物品;文章as adv., conj & prep 作为主句的先行词;同样地;与……一样;短语:1. as…as…(用于比力)与…一样;e.g. Tom is as tall as his brother. 汤姆和他弟弟一样高。2. as a result 效果:e.g. He works hard all day, as a result, he got a good mark in his English exam.他整日努力学习,因此在英语考试中取得了优异的结果。

3. as if 好像,似乎:e.g.He talks as if he knew about it. 他说起来似乎知道这件事似的。4.as long as 只要,和……一样长:e.g.You will do well in your English study as /so long as you keep on.只要坚持下去,你一定能学好英语。5. as well 也;e.g. My class went to the cinema and I went there as well.Asia n亚洲Asian a & n. 亚洲人;亚洲的ask v. 问;询问;请求短语:1.ask sb to do sth,2.ask for,asleep adj.睡熟(的);不活跃(的 );短语:1.fall asleep 入睡:e.g.Though it is 12 in the night. I still find it hard to fall asleep.只管已经是夜里12点钟了,我发现还是很难入睡。

词型转换:Sleep/sleeping/sleepy/asleepat prep.在;在…里Atlantic Ocean n.大西洋attention n.专心;注意短语:1.pay attention toAugust n.八月aunt n. 姑妈;姨妈;婶母Australia n.澳大利亚的autumn n.秋季;短语:1.mid-autumn 中秋2.in autumn,3.the mid-autumn festivalavailable adj.现成的;可用的;自由的avoid n.避开;逃脱awake v.醒来;醒悟away adv. 向…走开;逝去——Bbaby n. 婴儿;幼兽;小型back adv. & n.背部;背骨短语:1.at /on the back ofbackground n.配景;远景; 身世;小我私家配景。e.g. He’s always going on about his working class background.他总是谈论自己身世于工薪阶级家庭。Without knowing the background the case, I couldn’t possibly comment.因为不相识案件的配景情况,我不行能加以评论。

bad ( worse, worst) a 不足的;令人不快的短语:1.be bad forbadly adv.坏;差;很是严重地 (worse, worst)bag n.袋;包;囊ball n.球;balloon n.玩具气球;气球;bamboo n.竹;竹竿banana n.香蕉;香蕉树bank n.河岸;滩 ;银行;储蓄所;baseball n棒球; 棒球运动短语:1.play baseballbasic adj.基本的;基础的;低级的;basket n. .篮;篓;筐basketball n篮球;.篮球运动短语:1.play basketballbathroom n. 浴室;茅厕;be (is,am,are) v.存在;发生;位于beach n.海滩;沙滩bear n. 熊;卤莽的人beat (beat, beaten) v. & n. 打;击;敲打beautiful adj优美的;优美的;极好的because conj.因为;由于 ;辨析:because of (接名词或者名词词组) 因为:e.g. He begs because of poverty, not hunger.他不是因为饿了,而是因为贫穷才要饭的。because 后接句子。

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become v. 成为;变得bed n.床bedroom n.寝室 ;卧室bee n.蜜蜂;事情忙碌的人beef n. 牛肉;菜牛before prep. adv. & conj.在…之前;在前;以前;短语:1.before long 不久以后:e.g. Before long ,news came that China lost the game.不久以后传来消息说中国队角逐输了。2.the day before yesterday :e.g. He went to see his grandmother the day before yesterday.他前天去探望他奶奶了。3.long before 良久以前。e.g.She said she had seen the film long before.她说良久以前就看过这部影戏。

begin (began, begun) v. 开始;着手;近义词辨析:begin / start二者都表现“开始”后面可以接不定式或动名词,一般可以交换使用。区别是:1.begin 偏重于时间上一个历程的开始,指迈出第一步、接纳第一个行动,与and相对;2.start 偏重于形态上的开始,通常指由静到动的历程,与stop相对。beginning n.开端;起点;起源短语:1.at the beginning of2. begin withbehind prep.在…背后;在……另一面believe 相信;认为;料想bell n.铃;钟below prep.在…下;低于beside prep 在……旁边;在……四周besides prep. & adv.除……之外;另有:近义词辨析:except / besidesexcept 除……之外;偏重整体除去一部门;e.g. We all knew about the news except Jim.除了Jim以外,我们都知道这个消息。

besides 除……之外(另有),e.g. We all knew about the news besides Jim.between prep 在……之间;(两者)beyond prep.在……那里;超出big adj.大的;庞大的(bigger, biggest);bike =bicycle n自行车;摩托车bill n.帐单;法案;招贴bird n. 鸟;禽birth n.出生;开始;身世birthday n. 生日;周年龄念日biscuit n.饼干;素坯瓷bit n.一小块;少量短语:1.a bitbitter adj.、有苦味的;强烈的black adj. & n.玄色的;抑郁的blackboard n. 黑板;blind adj.瞎的;失明的;盲目的blood n.血;血液;激情blow (blew, blown) v吹气;吹走;刮;短语:1.blow out 吹灭;e.g. Close the windows or the wind blow the light out.把窗户关上,否则风会把灯吹灭。blue n. & adj. 蓝色;蓝色的;伤心的board n.薄木板;牌子boat n.小船;船短语:1.by boatbody n. 主体;身体;躯体book n书籍 ;著作;本;册.bookshop n书店.boring adj .无聊的;讨厌的词型转换:boring/boredborn adj. & v 出生的; 出生短语:1.be bornborrow v.借入;接纳短语:1.borrow …from…/lend…toboss n.老板;领班both pron. & adj. 两者都…;双方的短语:1. both…and…,2.both of…,3.both/allbottle n. 瓶;罐;奶瓶短语:1.a bottle ofbottom n.底;基底;止境;臀部短语:1.at the bottom ofbowl n.碗;钵短语:1.a bowl ofbox n.盒子;箱;盆;匣短语:1.a box ofboy n.男孩;儿子;小伙子brain n.脑;脑浆;智者brave adj.勇敢的;无畏的 (braver,bravest)bread n.面包 短语:1.a piece of breadbreak (broke, broken) n. & v. 打破;损坏短语:1.break downbreakfast n. 早餐短语:1.have breakfast,2.have…for breakfast,breathe v.呼吸;生存;说出短语:1.breathe in/outbridge n. 桥梁;纽带bright adj.发光的;明亮的 ;智慧的bring (brought, brought) v. 带来;取来;导致;短语:1.bring…to2.bring sb. with,3.bring sth for sb.brother n. 兄弟;同伴;教友brown n. & adj. 棕色的;晒黑的brush v. & n. 刷子;画笔;擦;轻抹build (built, built) v.修建;修建;生长;building n. 修建物;制作burn (burnt, burnt) v. 烧掉;发光;烫伤bus n.公共汽车;汽车短语:1.by bus,2.on a bus,3. at the bus stopbusiness n.事务;事情;职业;要务短语:1.on businessbusy adj.忙碌的;杂乱的 ;短语:1.be busy (in) doing something.忙着做……2.be busy with 忙于……but conj.可是;然而butter n. 黄油;花生酱butterfly n. 蝴蝶;彩蝶;buy (bought, bought) v 买;购;收买短语:1.buy sb sth/ buy sth for sbby prep.靠近;在……旁边bye-bye interj.再见。


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